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Marjorie Stewart Joyner, Permanent Waving Machine Inventor
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An elderly Marjorie Joyner smiling


An elderly Marjorie Joyner smiling








Permanent Waving Machine Inventor

Marjorie Stewart Joyner invented a device that allowed a hairdo to stay set for days.

Joyner, the granddaughter of slaves, became the first African American graduate of a Chicago beauty school and opened her own salon in 1916. Three years later, she became national supervisor for more than two hundred beauty colleges owned by Madame C. J. Walker, the first African American female millionaire.

Next: The Work of Marjorie Joyner ›





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