|Abraham Rees, Woolen Manufacture, "Carding Engine," Cyclopedia, volume 4, 1822.|
Courtesy of the American Textile History Museum, Lowell, MA.
Unit 2: Early Industrialization examines early American industrialization through textile technology and invention. Students appreciate the complexity of the past by exploring the impact of technology and the process of industrialization on early American culture, people, and roles. Students learn that industrialization involves increases in the scale of production, the application of power, the invention of machines, the control of work forces, and the commercialization of products.
One activity, for example, explores the nature of invention by asking students to debate "Inventing the Cotton Gin," while another ("Fixing A Gin") contains a demonstration of a cotton gin done in the Hands On History Room at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.