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Morse telegraph register Western Union Telegraph Company Records
1820-1995

400 cubic feet
by Robert S. Harding and Alison Oswald

Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C;. archivescenter@si.edu; 202-633-3270; www.americanhistory.si.edu/archives
© 2001, second edition, by the Smithsonian Institution. All rights reserved.


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SERIES 1: HISTORICAL & BACKGROUND INFORMATION, 1851-1994

Box Folder Description
    Subseries 1: History of the Western Union Telegraph Company, 1851-1994
4 7 Western Union Telegraph Company: A Retrospect, 1851-1901
6A 1-2 Charles Brown Personal History, 1860-1861
  3-4 Charles Brown Experiences on the Plains in Constructing the First Telegraph Line, 1861
5 1-2 Corporate History of Western Union Telegraph Company, 1914-1922
6 1 Corporate History of Western Union Telegraph Company, 1914-1922
4 5 Short History of Western Union Telegraph Company/Western Union Cable System
  6 The Story of Western Union, n.d.
  8 Ten Trying Years, 1984-1994
1 1-4 A Brief Outline of the Technical Progress Made by The Western Union Telegraph Company, Vols. I, 1910-1934 (with illustrations)
  5-8 A Brief Outline of the Technical Progress Made by The Western Union Telegraph Company, Vols. 1, 1910-1934 (with no illustrations)
2 1-4 A Brief Outline of the Technical Progress Made by The Western Union Telegraph Company, Vols. II, 1910-1934 (with illustrations)
  5-7 A Brief Outline of the Technical Progress Made by The Western Union Telegraph Company, Vols. I, 1910-1934 (with no illustrations)
  8 A Brief Outline of the Technical Progress Made by The Western Union Telegraph Company During the Year 1935.
  9 Engineering Progress (incomplete manuscript), 1945-1950
3 1 History of Technical Progress, Western Union, Vol. I, 1935-1945 (with illustrations)
  2 History of Technical Progress, Western Union, Vol. I and Vol. II, 1935-1945 (text only, no illustrations)
  3 History of Technical Progress, Western Union, Vol. III, 1946-1950
  4 History of Technical Progress, Western Union, Vol. IV, 1946-1950
4 1 American Telegraphy After 100 Years. The Western Union Telegraph Company, 1944.
  3 Reid, James D. Western Union Telegraph Company. Chapter XXXV. The Telegraph in America. 1879.
  2 Exhibitions, 1893-1934 (World's Fair and Gimbel's display)
  4 Western Union Changes Telegraph System Here" Fulton County News, September 15, 1938. (newspaper article)
846 9 Grey, Zane. Western Union. New York: P.F. Collier and Son, 1939.
846 1

Pamphlets relating to telegraph matters:

  1. To the stockholders of the Western Union (and Russian Extension) Telegraph Company. Statement of the origin, organization and progress of the Russian-American telegraph: Western Union Extension, Collins' Overland Line, via Behring Strait and Asiatic Russia to Europe, 1866.
  2. Statement accompanying the memorial of the Western Union Telegraph Company. For remission of duties on cables purchased for crossing Behring’s Strait in the line to Russia, now abandoned, undated.
  3. Before the Honorable the House of Representatives. In the matter of the Proceedings against E.W. Barnes, for alleged contempt and breach of privilege, 1877.
  4. A review of the -opinions of experts- as to the necessity for the poles now erected in Tenth Street, in the city of Philadelphia, by the Western Union Telegraph Company, 1876.
  5. Some of the papers in the suit of Levi A. Dowley to restrain the Western Union Company from paying the July dividend, 1876. Also, charges of the New York Tribune, with statements in reply.
  6. Winan, Erastmus. A talk on telegraphic topics, New York, F. Hart & Co. 1882.
  7. Competitive Telegraphy, can it be sustained? An Interview from the Chicago Inter-Ocean. New York, 1884.
  8. Grant, E.B. Is Governmental Control of the telegraph Desirable? [1884?]
  9. The Western Union Telegraph Company: Its past present and future, New York, Hotchkiss, Burnham and Company, October 1883.
  10. The Telegraph Question, Past , Present, and Future. New York, Hotchkiss, Burnham and Company, December 1883.
  11. Western Union Telegraph Company. Remarks  of Norvin Green, president to the Board of Directors, September 13, 1882.
  12. The Proposed Produce Exchange Telegraph, October 23, 1883.
  13. An Oppressive Telegraph Monopoly. A Remedy Suggested. Boston, Amidion and Washburn Printers, 1878.
  14. The Newspaper Service of the Western Union Telegraph Company. Letter from W.B. Somerville. December 1883.
  15. Ocean Telegraphy. The Twenty-Fifth Anniversary. New York, March 1879.
  2

Pamphlets relating to telegraph matters:

  1. International Ocean Telegraph, 1866.
  2. Letter from the Postmaster General in answer to a resolution of the Senate of February 23, relative to the establishment of a telegraph in connection with the postal system, June 2, 1866.
  3. Allan Pinkerton; Pinkerton's National Police Agency. Tests on passenger conductors made by the National Police Agency. Chicago : Geo. H. Fergus, printer, 1867.
  4. Selden, Henry R.  Opinion of Hon. Henry R. Selden on the subject of taxation of telegraph companies : Rochester, November 18, 1865. Rochester, N.Y. : C.D. Tracy & Co., [1865].
  5. Pinkerton's National Police Agency. General principles of Pinkerton's National Police Agency ... January 1st, 1867. Chicago, G.H. Fergus [1867].
  6. George Griscom; George B Simpson; United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on patents. The telegraph cable. Historical view of the art of electro-magnetic telegraphing in connection with the telegraph cable, and its insulation by gutta percha.
  7. Philadelphia, King & Baird, printers, 1867.

  8. To the stockholders of the Western Union (and Russian Extension) Telegraph Company. Statement of the origin, organization and progress of the Russian-American telegraph: Western Union Extension, Collins' Overland Line, via Behring Strait and Asiatic Russia to Europe, 1866.
  9. Theodore Bacon. Cases relating to telegraphs and telegrams: prepared from the reports of American, Canadian and English courts, and from the original papers in unreported cases. Rochester, N.Y., C.D. Tracy & Co., book printers, 1866.
  3

Pamphlets (miscellaneous):

  1. Opinion of Chief Justice Chase. Delivered at Raleigh, North Carolina, June 16, 1867, in the case of Shortridge et al vs. Macon.
  2. Union League Club of New York.  Union League Club of New York : Report of the proceedings of the conference at Richmond, June 11th and 12th, 1867. [New York] : Club House, Union Square, No. 29 East Seventeenth Street, 1867.
  3. Decision of the Comptroller of the Treasury Upon the Law Respecting Advertising in Newspapers in the District of Columbia. Washington, 1868.
  4. Letter of Wiliam E. chandler to George G. Fogg, Washington, 1868.
  5. State Normal School (ALBANY, N.Y.). Register and Circular of the State Normal School, Albany, N.Y. 1864.
  6. Citizens' Association of New York.; New York (State). Constitutional Convention; YA Pamphlet Collection (Library of Congress).  The Constitutional Convention : alterations in the fundamental law of the state. New York : George F. Nesbitt & Co., printers and stationers, 1867.
  7. To the Honorable Hugh McCulloch, Secretary of the Treasury, May 16, 1867.
  8. To the people of the United States. National Police Agency. January 8, 1868.
  9. John Van Daniker. Report of the trial of John Van Daniker : on a charge of embezzlement, in his capacity as conductor on the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad ...
  10. Philadelphia : H.G. Leisenring, 1867.

  11. Charles Sumner. Speech of Hon. Charles Sumner, of Mass. Washington: Congressional Globe Office, 1866.
  12. New York Chamber of Commerce. Centennial celebration of the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York : at Irving Hall, April 6th, 1868 : report of proceedings. New-York : John W. Amerman, 1868.
  13. New York Chamber of Commerce.; Fifth Avenue Hotel (New York, N.Y.). New York : Press of the Chamber of Commerce, 1867. Entertainment given to Mr. A. A. Low : by members of the Chamber of commerce, on his return from a voyage round the world. Fifth avenue hotel, October 8, 1867.
  4

Pamphlets (miscellaneous):

  1. Gouge’s Atmospheric Ventilator, undated.
  2. Lenoir Gas-Engine Company. The Lenoir gas-engine. Third thousand. 1867. [New York]: Printed by Charles Vogt, Lenoir Gas-Engine Printing Office, no. 47 Liberty Street, near Nassau, New York., [1867].
  3. New York Lumber, Manufacturing and Improvement Company. Prospectus of the New York Lumber, Manufacturing and Improvement Co. : with maps and plans for the settlement of the village of Cornell and for improving Brunett's Falls, the great water power of the Chippewa River in the State of Wisconsin. Albany : Van Benthuysen & Sons, 1867.
  4. Kankakee Company. Reports, maps, statistics, etc., of the Kankakee Company, incorporated by the state of Illinois, for the improvement, by slackwater navigation, of the Kankakee and Iroquois Rivers, for the creation of water powers, and for the erection of all kinds of mills and machinery ... : private, for stockholders only. New York : Union Print. Office, 1866.
  5. David D. Porter. Letters and Petitions for the Nomination and Confirmation of George W. Beardslee of New York, for the vacant office of commissioner of patents.
  6. National Institute of Letters, Arts and Sciences (New York). Constitution of the National Institute of Letters, Arts and Sciences. New York: Moorhead, Bond & Co., 1868
  7. Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad Company. Report of J. W. Washburn and W. P. Denckla, upon the natural resources of the Arkansas valley, from Little Rock, Ark., to Fort Gibson, C. N., made to the Little Rock and Fort Smith railroad company. New York, D. Taylor, 1867.
  8. Union Home and School for the Education and Maintenance of the Children of Our Volunteers Who May Be Left Unprovided for. Annual report of the Union Home and School for the Education and Maintenance of the Children of Our Volunteers Who May Be Left Unprovided for. New York : The School, 1868.
  9. Union Pacific railroad company. The Union Pacific railroad company ... progress of their road west from Omaha, Nebraska, across the continent ...New York : Alvord, 1868.
  10. Golconda Gold Company.  Reports upon the property of the Golconda Gold Company, CanadaNew York : E. Warner, 1865.
  11. Minnesota Valley Railroad Company. The Minnesota Valley Railroad, forming part of the extension of the Union Pacific Railroad, via Sioux City and St. Paul to lake Superior. Its construction and resources. New York, Press of Wynkoop and Hallenbeck, 1868.
  5

Pamphlets relating to telegraph matters:

  1. Letter from the Postmaster General in answer to a resolution of the Senate of February 23, relative to the establishment of a telegraph in connection with the postal system, June 2, 1866.
  2. E.B. Washburne. Union of the telegraph and postal system [to accompany bill H.R. No. 1083], May 18, 1868.
  3. Gardiner G Hubbard; Alexander William Randall; United States. Post Office Dept. Postal telegraph : letter from the Postmaster General, transmitting a report of G.G. Hubbard, esq. of Boston, relative to the establishment of a cheap system of postal telegraph. [Washington, 1869].
  4. Postal Telegraph [to accompany bills H.R. 1083, 1415 and 1689]. Mr. Farnsworth, from the Committee on the Post office and post Roads. February 24, 1869.
  5. In the Senate of the United States. Mr. Ramsey, from the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, made the following report [to accompany bill S. No. 422] [Washington, D.C. : s.n., January 31, 1870].
  6. C. C. Washburn; United States. Congress House. Postal telegraph in the United States (to accompany H. R. no. 2365] [Washington : s.n., 1870?]
  7. Mr. Palmer. United States. Congress House. Postal telegraph System [to accompany bill H.R. No. 2366] [Washington: July 5, 1870].
  8. Mr. Wood. United States. Congress. House. Telegraph Between United States and Foreign Countries [to accompany bill H.R. No. 2591] [Washington: December 21, 1870].
  9. U.S. Grant. Message of the President of the United States communicating in compliance with the resolution of the Senate of the 14th of June 1870, information in relation to charges made by the International Ocean Telegraph Company upon messages passing over their lines. 41st Congress. Senate Ex. Doc No. 5.
  10. Gardiner G Hubbard. Postal telegraph : memorial of Gardiner G. Hubbard on the subject of postal telegraph system. [Washington, D.C. : s.n., 1871].
  11. Report of the Postmaster General being part of the message and documents communicated to the beginnings of the second session of the forty- second congress. [Washington, D.C.: Government printing Office, 1871.]
  12. United States. Senate. Congress. Report [To accompany bill S. no. 341] ... "A bill to reduce the rates of correspondence by telegraph and to connect the telegraph with the postal service. " [Washington, 1872]
  13. Orton, William. Memorial of the Western Union Telegraph Company, remonstrating against the passage of bill (S. 341) to connect the telegraph with the postal service, and to reduce the rates of correspondence by telegraph. 1872.
  14. James A Garfield; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. In the matter of the telegraphing of the signal-service reports. [Washington, D.C. : s.n., 1872].
  15. United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce. In the Senate of the United States, Mr. Chandler from the Committee on Commerce submitted the following report. [Washington, D.C.? : s.n., 1872?]
  16. United States. Congress. Senate. In the Senate of the United States, Mr. Ramsey submitted the following report to [accompany bill S. 341]. The committee on Post Offices and Post Roads to whom there was recommitted a bill to reduce the rates of correspondence by telegraph and to connect the telegraph with the postal service. 1872.
  17. United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Appropriations. To connect the telegraph with the postal service. December 19, 1872.
  18. United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Postal telegraph. Proceedings on the Committee on Appropriations in the matter of the postal telegraph. January 23, 1873.
  19. David Ames Wells. The relation of the government to the telegraph, or, a review of the two propositions now pending before Congress for Changing the Telegraphic Service of the Country. New York, 1873.
  20. United States. Congress. Senate. Resolution of the Legislature of Nebraska in favor of the establishment of a postal-telegraph system. 1873.
  21. Gardiner G Hubbard.  Memorial of Gardiner G. Hubbard in relation to the postal telegraph. [Washington? : s.n., 1873?]
  6

United States. Senate. 56th Congress, 1st Session. Documents.

  1. Committee on Naval Affairs. Cost of Ocean Cables. January 19, 1900.
  2. Committee on Naval Affairs. Pacific Cables. January 19, 1900.
  3. Committee on Naval Affairs. Private Ownership of Pacific Cables. January 19, 1900.
  4. Committee on Naval Affairs. An American Pacific Cable. January 19, 1900.
  5. Committee on Naval Affairs. A United States Government Pacific Cable. January 19, 1900.
  6. Committee on Naval Affairs. Pacific Cable. January 25, 1900.
  7. Committee on Naval Affairs. Pacific Cable. February 2, 1900.
  8. Committee on Naval Affairs. Trans-Pacific Cable. February 12, 1900.
  9. Committee on Naval Affairs. Pacific Cable. February 15, 1900.
  10. Committee on Naval Affairs. Pacific Cable. February 24, 1900.
  11. Committee on Naval Affairs. Proposed Pacific Cable. February 24, 1900.
  12. Committee on Naval Affairs. Submarine Cable from San Francisco to Honolulu. March 20, 1900.
  7

Cromwell Fleetwood Varley. Report of Cromwell F. Varley, Esq., on the condition of the lines of the Western Union Telegraph Company. [New York, Reproduced by the American Photo-lithographic Co. (Osborne's process) [1867?]

  10 A Review of Western Union’s Position in the Telecommunications Industry, 1962 May 7-8.

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Last Update: 21 Apr 2011

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